Gum Disease

Gum Disease

Gum Disease happens when the periodontal tissues, or gum tissues, that support your teeth are infected. It starts when plaque and other bacteria are irritating the tissues of your mouth. This is why it is very important to not only brush and floss twice a day but to also schedule your dental exams and cleanings twice a year.

Why Is Gum Disease Important To Avoid?

Your oral health is crucial to the overall health of you. Lots of toxins and bacteria enter your body through your mouth; air you breath, food you eat. The bacteria in your mouth also can enter the bloodstream through damaged gum tissues. Dental patients should do everything they can to prevent gum disease, or maintain it from developing worse if you already have it.

Stages of Gum Disease

There are several stages of gum disease. The first stage is gingivitis, and is the only stage of gum disease that is reversible. You may have gingivitis if you have red gums, swollen gums, bleeding gums, bad breath, and/or a foul taste in your mouth.

Periodontitis is the next state of gum disease and is more serious. This develops when pockets form called periodontal pockets. Bacteria and other toxins begin to destroy to supporting bone and tissues around the teeth. This causes irreversible damage, but can be completely controlled with getting back on track with your oral health.

The last stage is advanced gum disease, or Periodontitis. It occurs when the bone and ligaments that support your teeth completely deteriorate and loosens the teeth. Aggressive treatment is then the only way to try and prevent any tooth loss.

What Causes Gum Disease?

Not maintaining proper oral health, like brushing and flossing daily and seeing your Sunrise dentist for your routine checkups, can cause gum disease. There are also other things that put you at higher risk for developing gum disease including:

  • Tobacco Use
  • Alcohol Use
  • Improper Oral Hygiene
  • Puberty
  • Pregnancy
  • Diabetes
  • Heart Disease
  • Certain Cancers
  • Use of Steroids
  • Use of Oral Contraceptives

Gum disease should be avoided and maintaining the best oral hygiene is the only way to prevent gum disease. Call a Sunrise Dental Longview office today to schedule your dental exam.